History of Moscow

Moscow is a city in Russia that has a long history. The history of Moscow has been highs and lows. There are some notable things from the history of this country that people should know.

Early History

The first record of Moscow dates back to 1147. This is where Yuri Dolgoruki and Sviatoslav Olgovich were in power. This town had a move around it to keep unwanted visitors out. The city was still attacked and all of the people that lived there were killed. The city was burnt down but it did not stay down. In 1382 the city was up and standing and was burnt down once again. This time it was the Mongols that attached. By the end of the 15th century, the population reached 50,000 and the city was doing well.

By the 17th century, the popular reached 200,000 and was considered to be on the largest cities around at this time. The capital of Russia was moved out of Moscow at this time by Tsar Peter the Great. While there was a decline in industry and some people did move away, the city was slowly able to recover. Once again they rebuilt and survived.

The city was in a decline due to the bubonic plague. A large percentage of the population was killed and there was very little business activity that was conducted at this time. The city was able to recover and the Moscow University attracted many scholars. Things were going well once again until the city was attacked by Napoleon and was once again burnt down. The city rebuilt due to the Industrial Revolution and was once again thriving. There were many industries and plenty of work for the people.

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Modern Moscow

In 1917 the Communist lead a revolution in Russia and took over power. Lenin decided to move his headquarters to Moscow. He was a harsh ruled. After his death, Josef Stalin took over and demolished many historical buildings located in Moscow. While he was tearing buildings down he was also building some up. The Metro opened in 1935 and attracted people from all over the world. Moscow became known for performing arts.

Things were fine in Moscow once again until Hitler and the German army invaded Russia in 1941 during World War II. They reached the city limits but they were held off for a period of time. While the city was saved there were still trying times ahead. Moscow was chosen to host the Olympic events in 1980. Many nations boycotted this event due to the communist rule.

Russia continued to thrive and survived some additional harsh time. When communism fell in 1991 the city was able to survive. People from all over the world decided to travel to Moscow to enjoy the culture. In 1997, Moscow was able to celebrate the 850th anniversary since it had been founded.


Today, Moscow is a busy city and people can make a good living there. The population of Moscow is 11.9 million people and this population, as well as the city, are continuing to grow.